There are over 40 different species of Candida Yeast (often misspelled Candita), however, only a handful are harmful to us. This page outlines the types that interact with humans and provides a brief description of each.
This species is the most common species of yeast in our bodies. It lives in our digestive tract and on our skin. Normally it lives in our bodies in a commensal relationship with us meaning we both benefit from each other. However, C. ablicans overgrowth can occur which results in infection most commonly in the genital area and the mouth.
This species also is found everywhere in our surroundings and is very similar to C. albicans, however, it usually only causes yeast infections in those with AIDS and others who have compromised immune systems. Infections in the mouth area usually result.
This once thought to be harmless species is now causing yeast infections in those with compromised immune systems such as those with AIDS. It usually infects the urogenital tract and the blood stream. The mortality rate is high with this species.
This species is used in the chocolate making process and is usually harmless to humans. However, in those with compromised immune systems and those with types of blood cancer and can cause dangerous yeast infections.
This species was first identified to cause a yeast infection in 1979 but very few cases were reported until recently with wide use of procedures such as chemotherapy and bone marrow transplants which leaves humans open to infection by this species.
This is a harmless species used along with bacteria to make sourdough bread.
This is another species that is common to our bodies and it is the most common species found on our hands. However, this yeast can infect open wounds and surgical patients.